A waterproof jacket, typically with a hood and worn to the waist.
A type of jacket resembling a suit jacket, but cut more casually. A blazer is generally distinguished from a sportcoat as a more formal garment and tailored from solid color fabrics. Blazers often have naval-style metal buttons to reflect their origins as jackets worn by boating club members.
A blazer’s cloth is usually durable, as it is intended as outdoor wear.
A blouson or blouse jacket is a coat that is drawn tight at the waist, causing it to blouse out and hang over the waistband. Some of them have a hood. It takes most of its modern traits from the American flight jacket, such as the MA-1.
The cagoule takes its name from the French word which means hood. Its is a lightweight jacket without a liner which is waterproof and can range from waist length to knee length. /It was first designed by Noel Bibby and originally launched in the UK under the brand Peter Storm.
Generally the cagoule has an integral hood and elasticated cuffs, and is pulled on over the head.
A car coat is an outer garment originally made to be worn by automobile drivers and passengers. First designed to provide maximum warmth and coverage, over time it became a much shorter garment. Today it describes a coat that typically ends at mid thigh. It is worn by both men and women.
Cashmere wool is a fiber obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goat.
The word cashmere is an old spelling of the Kashmir region in northern India and Pakistan. Cashmere is fine in texture, strong, light, and soft. Garments made from it provide excellent insulation, approximately three times that of sheep wool. Cashmere is also softer than regular wool.
Cordura is a durable synthetic fabric, known for its resistance to abrasions, tears and scuffs. Usually made of nylon, but Can be blended with cotton or other natural fibers.
A textile composed of twisted fibers that when woven, lie parallel to one another to form the cloths distinct pattern. Modern corduroy is composed of tufted cords, sometimes exhibiting a channel between the tufts. Corduroy is, in essence, a ridged form of velvet. The interpretation of the word corduroy as corde du roi, from the French meaning cord of the king.
The width of the cord is referred to as the size of the wale, ie the number of ridges per inch. The lower the wale number, the thicker the width of the wale. For example 5 wale is much thicker than 11 wale. Corduroy’s wale count per inch can vary from 1.5 to 21. Wide wale is common on trousers and furniture, narrower wale fabrics is used on garments worn on the upper half of the body. In Europe Corduroy is commonly known as Manchester Cloth.
A cuff is an extra layer of fabric at the lower edge of the sleeve covering the arm at the wrist. The function of turned-back cuffs is to protect the cloth of the garment from fraying, and, when frayed, to allow the cuffs to be readily repaired or replaced, without changing the garment.
Cuffs are made by turning back (folding) the material, or a separate band of material can be sewn on, or worn separately, attached either by buttons or studs.
A duffle coat, or duffel coat, is a coat made from duffel, a coarse, thick, woollen material. The name derives from Duffel, a town in the province of Antwerp in Belgium where the material originated. The duffel coat may have initially come from the Polish military frock coat, which was developed in the 1820s. The hood and toggle fastenings proved popular and it spread across Europe by the 1850s. By 1890 it was being supplied to the British Royal Navy, and Field Marshal Montgomery was a famous wearer of the coat in World War II. After the war, the coats became available as government surplus stock and became popular, especially with students.
The coat is made of dense woollen cloth, and distinctive features include a capacious hood that can be worn over a uniform cap, three or four wood or horn toggles with leather loops for ease of fastening when wearing gloves, a buttonable strap neck and two large outside patch pockets. Early versions were knee-length but later ones were shorter. Modern coats are made in a softer woollen material.
The field jacket is a jacket that is worn by soldiers on the battlefield or doing duties in cold weather. The field jacket came about during World War II with the US Army introducing the M-1941 and the M-1943 field jacket and issued the jacket to their troops. The most well-known and the most popular type of military field jacket that is on the market today is the M-1965 or M-65 field jacket which came into US military service in 1965.
The jacket made of heavy duty cotton has two hip pockets and two chest pockets. Originally in olive green it now comes in a variety of colours.
The flap pocket is common on hip pockets, with a small strip of fabric taping the top and bottom of the slit for the pocket. It has a lined flap of matching fabric covering the top of the pocket, sewn in along the seam of the jetting. This flap was initially created to protect the contents of the pocket from any rain.
A fleece jacket or fleece is a lightweight casual jacket made of polyester synthetic wool such as Polar Fleece. A fleece jacket will typically have a zipper up the middle. They provide thermal insulation but is not normally weatherproof and so won’t keep out wind and rain.
Gabardine is a tough, tightly woven fabric used to make suits, overcoats, uniforms, windbreakers, and other garments.
The fibre used to make the fabric is traditionally worsted wool, but may also be cotton, texturized polyester, or a blend.
Gabardine is woven as a warp-faced steep or regular twill, with a prominent diagonal rib on the face and smooth surface on the back.
Gabardine always has many more warp than weft yarns.
A gilet is a sleeveless jacket resembling a waistcoat and are normally waist length. They can be an inner lining of another jacket. They come in a variety of material, and in the UK are also known as body warmers.
Goose down is the soft under plumage (a layer of insulation underneath feathers) that geese have to keep them warm and dry. Feathers have hard quills, whereas down doesn’t.
A down “cluster” is soft and fluffy and will have many filaments growing in all directions.
Fill power is a measure of the loft or “fluffiness” of a down product that is loosely related to the insulating value of the down. The higher the fill power the more air an ounce of the down can trap, and thus the more insulating ability an ounce of the down will have.
Fill power ranges from about 300 for feathers to around 900 for the highest quality down.
A waterproof, breathable fabric membrane and registered trademark of W. L. Gore and Associates. Invented in 1969, GORE-TEX® is able to repel liquid water while allowing water vapor to pass through, and is designed to be a lightweight, waterproof fabric for all-weather use. It is composed of stretched polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), which is more commonly known as the generic trademark Teflon.
A relatively new term that describes a waterproof jacket.
A Harrington jacket is a lightweight waist-length jacket, made of cotton, polyester, wool or suede — usually with traditionally Fraser tartan or check-patterned lining.
The first Harrington-style jackets were made by British clothing companies Grenfell of Burnley, Lancashire and Baracuta of Stockport, in the 1930s.
A garment finishing method where the edge of cloth is folded narrowly and sewn to prevent unravelling of the fabric and to leave a neat finish.
A hood is a kind of headgear that covers most of the head and neck and sometimes the face. Hoods cover mainly the sides and top of the head, and leave the face mostly or partly open and are worn for protection from the environment (typically cold weather or rain).
The word jacket comes from the French word jaquette. The term comes from the Middle French noun jaquet, which refers to a small or lightweight tunic. In Modern French, jaquette is synonymous with jacket.
Lapels are the folded flaps of cloth on the front of a jacket or coat, and are most commonly found on formal clothing and suit jackets. Usually they are formed by folding over the front edges of the jacket or coat and sewing them to the collar, an extra piece of fabric around the back of the neck.
There are three basic forms of lapels: notched, peaked and shawl. Notched lapels, the most common, are usually seen on business suits. Peaked lapels are more formal, and nearly always used on double breasted jackets or coats, but it also frequently appears on single breasted suits commonly paired with a vest. Shawl lapels are usually carried by dinner jackets, mess jackets and tuxedos.